Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

2SLGBTQ+ identities and child welfare

Supplementary readings relevant to topics and practice areas covered in the SOGIE course

Two-Spirit identities

While there are some who use the term Two-Spirit to refer broadly to all queer Indigenous people, the term is more commonly used for identities that originate in traditional understandings of gender and sexuality (rather than Western colonial binaries). Because these traditions and understandings are culturally and spiritually specific, it’s important to recognize that Two-Spiritedness is not an identity universal to all Indigenous communities or something that is a part of all Indigenous worldviews. 

The video below features Passamaquoddy Two-Spirit artist and educator Geo Neptune and provides a brief overview of Two-Spirit identities:

Resources on Two-Spirit identities, Indigenous gender and sexual identities, and colonization